Project /


Project Area:

3172 Ha

Project Dynamics:

Zawar group of mines are one of the oldest mines located about 44 kilometers south of Udaipur, in the state of Rajasthan in India. Four mines are currently operated by Zawar group of mines - Zawarmala, Balaria, Mochia, and Baroi.

Zawar mines show a continuous development of zinc smelting technology from mid-1st first millennium BCE that finally evolved into a sophisticated distillation process by the twelfth century AD. The Zawar mines today are a testimony to the gradual evolution of zinc technology in India and its spread all over the world over centuries but continue to serve as one of the largest zinc producing mining unit of Hindustan Zinc Limited, a Vedanta group company listed on London Stock Exchange.

The exact date of commencement of mining activity in the Indian sub-continent cannot be given a specific date but it was well developed in India during early period, notably at the time of Indus valley civilization (Circa 3200-2500 BC). There are evidences of presence of ancient mines & metallurgical slag heaps and other furnace debris scattered in Rajasthan and adjoining areas of Gujarat. The occurrence is confined to different mineral belts which are broadly trending in NE-SW direction from Alwar (Rajasthan) in north to Khandia (Gujarat) in south along the strike of Aravalli Mountain Range. Total 145 localities have been identified from where evidences of ancient mining and metallurgy have been recorded.

Key Notes

As a requirement under the company’s recently adopted sustainability policy, a comprehensive ESIA study for Zawar Mines was to be done in association with Dronah. As per Vedanta’s sustainability policy and IFC performance standard-8 there was a requirement of a detailed heritage impact assessment. The objective of this Heritage Impact Assessment study is to record the baseline Condition of the heritage resources; examine impacts of the proposed mining operation on these sites and develop a heritage management plan to facilitate conservation of these resources.

Project Scope for Nirnik extended as

  • Co – Ordination for Condition Assessment
  • Identification of Cultural, Natural, Industrial and Architectural Heritage Resource and prepare of Inventory for the same.
  • Preparation of a Geo-referenced digital database of cultural heritage resource Vis – a- Vis location of project component.
  • Local Co-Ordination with respective authorities / people for documentation.